> Linux Man Page: "iconv"


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The Linux Documentation Project maintains an archive of snaphots of the (English language) core Linux manual pages that are maintained by Michael Kerrisk. Corrections and additions are welcome, but review the "Help Wanted" list, first.

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iconv - Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another


iconv -f encoding -t encoding inputfile


The iconv program converts the encoding of characters in inputfile from one coded character set to another. The result is written to standard output unless otherwise specified by the --output option.

--from-code, -f encoding

Convert characters from encoding

--to-code, -t encoding

Convert characters to encoding


List known coded character sets

--output, -o file

Specify output file (instead of stdout)


Print progress information.


Following examples convert from code set ISO88592 “input.txt” to UTF8 code set or ASCII and stores the result as “output.txt".

iconv -f ISO88592 -t UTF8 < input.txt > output.txt

iconv -f ISO88592 -t ASCII//TRANSLIT < input.txt > output.txt


iconv is written by Ulrich Drepper as part of the GNU C Library.

This man page is written by Joel Klecker <>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system.

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