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ifconfig - configure a network interface
ifconfig interface [aftype] options | address ...
Ifconfig is used to configure the kernel-resident network interfaces.
It is used at boot time to set up interfaces as necessary. After that,
it is usually only needed when debugging or when system tuning is
If no arguments are given, ifconfig displays the status of the currently
active interfaces. If a single interface argument is given, it
displays the status of the given interface only; if a single -a argument
is given, it displays the status of all interfaces, even those
that are down. Otherwise, it configures an interface.
If the first argument after the interface name is recognized as the
name of a supported address family, that address family is used for
decoding and displaying all protocol addresses. Currently supported
address families include inet (TCP/IP, default), inet6 (IPv6), ax25
(AMPR Packet Radio), ddp (Appletalk Phase 2), ipx (Novell IPX) and
netrom (AMPR Packet radio). All numbers supplied as parts in IPv4 dotted
decimal notation may be decimal, octal, or hexadecimal, as specified
in the ISO C standard (that is, a leading 0x or 0X implies hexadecimal;
otherwise, a leading ’0’ implies octal; otherwise, the number
is interpreted as decimal). Use of hexamedial and octal numbers is not
RFC-compliant and therefore its use is discouraged and may go away.
The name of the interface. This is usually a driver name followed
by a unit number, for example eth0 for the first Ethernet
- This flag causes the interface to be activated. It is implicitly
specified if an address is assigned to the interface.
down This flag causes the driver for this interface to be shut down.
[-]arp Enable or disable the use of the ARP protocol on this interface.
Enable or disable the promiscuous mode of the interface. If
selected, all packets on the network will be received by the
Enable or disable all-multicast mode. If selected, all multicast
packets on the network will be received by the interface.
This parameter sets the interface metric.
mtu N This parameter sets the Maximum Transfer Unit (MTU) of an interface.
Set the remote IP address for a point-to-point link (such as
PPP). This keyword is now obsolete; use the pointopoint keyword
Set the IP network mask for this interface. This value defaults
to the usual class A, B or C network mask (as derived from the
interface IP address), but it can be set to any value.
Add an IPv6 address to an interface.
Remove an IPv6 address from an interface.
Create a new SIT (IPv6-in-IPv4) device, tunnelling to the given
Set the interrupt line used by this device. Not all devices can
dynamically change their IRQ setting.
Set the start address in I/O space for this device.
Set the start address for shared memory used by this device.
Only a few devices need this.
Set the physical port or medium type to be used by the device.
Not all devices can change this setting, and those that can vary
in what values they support. Typical values for type are
10base2 (thin Ethernet), 10baseT (twisted-pair 10Mbps Ethernet),
AUI (external transceiver) and so on. The special medium type
of auto can be used to tell the driver to auto-sense the media.
Again, not all drivers can do this.
If the address argument is given, set the protocol broadcast
address for this interface. Otherwise, set (or clear) the
IFF_BROADCAST flag for the interface.
This keyword enables the point-to-point mode of an interface,
meaning that it is a direct link between two machines with
nobody else listening on it.
If the address argument is also given, set the protocol address
of the other side of the link, just like the obsolete dstaddr
keyword does. Otherwise, set or clear the IFF_POINTOPOINT flag
for the interface.
hw class address
Set the hardware address of this interface, if the device driver
supports this operation. The keyword must be followed by the
name of the hardware class and the printable ASCII equivalent of
the hardware address. Hardware classes currently supported
include ether (Ethernet), ax25 (AMPR AX.25), ARCnet and netrom
Set the multicast flag on the interface. This should not normally
be needed as the drivers set the flag correctly themselves.
The IP address to be assigned to this interface.
Set the length of the transmit queue of the device. It is useful
to set this to small values for slower devices with a high
latency (modem links, ISDN) to prevent fast bulk transfers from
disturbing interactive traffic like telnet too much.
Since kernel release 2.2 there are no explicit interface statistics for
alias interfaces anymore. The statistics printed for the original
address are shared with all alias addresses on the same device. If you
want per-address statistics you should add explicit accounting rules
for the address using the ipchains(8)
Interrupt problems with Ethernet device drivers fail with EAGAIN. See
http://www.scyld.com/expert/irq-conflict.html for more information.
While appletalk DDP and IPX addresses will be displayed they cannot be
altered by this command.
Fred N. van Kempen, <email@example.com>
Alan Cox, <Alan.Cox@linux.org>
Phil Blundell, <Philip.Blundell@pobox.com>
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