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The Linux Documentation Project maintains an archive of snaphots of the (English language) core Linux manual pages that are maintained by Michael Kerrisk. Corrections and additions are welcome, but review the "Help Wanted" list, first.

Man pages belonging to programs are usually distributed together with those programs. Therefore, the core Linux man-pages mainly contains the pages for system calls and library routines, special devices, and file formats. However, it also contains documentation for a few programs, in cases where the authors or maintainers of the program do not distribute man pages themselves.

This page is part of release 3.11 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at


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more - file perusal filter for crt viewing


more [-dlfpcsu] [-num] [+/ pattern] [+ linenum] [file ...]


More is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1) emulation and extensive enhancements.


Command line options are described below. Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make sure to precede them with a dash (‘‘-’’)) but command line options will override them.

This option specifies an integer which is the screen size (in lines).

more will prompt the user with the message “[Press space to continue, ’q’ to quit.]” and will display “[Press ’h’ for instructions.]" instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is pressed.

more usually treats ^L (form feed) as a special character, and will pause after any line that contains a form feed. The -l option will prevent this behavior.

Causes more to count logical, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines are not folded).

Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text.

Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.

Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.

Suppress underlining.

The +/ option specifies a string that will be searched for before each file is displayed.

Start at line number num.


Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1) . Some commands may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below. In the following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

h or ?
Help: display a summary of these commands. If you forget all the other commands, remember this one.

Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size.

Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument becomes new default.

Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default.

d or ^D
Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument becomes new default.


Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.

Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.

b or ^B
Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only works with files, not pipes.

Go to place where previous search started.

Display current line number.

Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1.

Search for kth occurrence of last r.e. Defaults to 1.

!<cmd> or :!<cmd>
Execute <cmd> in a subshell

Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from the environment variable VISUAL if defined, or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to “vi” if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is defined.

Redraw screen

Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.

Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.

Display current file name and line number

Repeat previous command


More utilizes the following environment variables, if they exist:

This variable may be set with favored options to more.

Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).

Specifies terminal type, used by more to get the terminal characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.

See Also

vi(1) less(1)


Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable


The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux community. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.


The more command is part of the util-linux-ng package and is available from

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